The Book of Evidence - [pdf]

The Book of Evidence
Title:The Book of Evidence
Format Type:eBook PDF / e-Pub
Author:
Published:
ISBN:0195171713
Number of Pages:304

The Best Bookstore Online Over 6 million PDF and 4.5 million eBooks to download now. Books by: Peter Achinstein What is required for something to be evidence for a hypothesis br br In this fascinating elegantly written work distinguished philosopher of science Peter Achinstein explores this question rejecting typical philosophical and statistical theories of evidence He claims these theories are much too weak to give scientists what they want a good reason to believe and in some cases they furnish concepts that mistakenly make all evidential claims a priori br br Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence defines three of them by reference to potential evidence and characterizes the latter using a novel epistemic interpretation of probability The resulting theory is then applied to philosophical and historical issues Solutions are provided to the grue ravens lottery and old evidence paradoxes and to a series of questions These include whether explanations or predictions furnish more evidential weight whether individual hypotheses or entire theoretical systems can receive evidential support what counts as a scientific discovery and what sort of evidence is required for it The historical questions include whether Jean Perrin had non circular evidence for the existence of molecules what type of evidence J J Thomson offered for the existence of the electron and whether as is usually supposed he really discovered the electron Achinstein proposes answers in terms of the concepts of evidence introduced br br As the premier book in the fabulous new series Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Science this volume is essential for philosophers of science and historians of science as well as for statisticians scientists with philosophical interests and anyone curious about scientific reasoning

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